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2016 Census of Population
Access Census data - This is an excellent starting point for nearly all things Census-related, including previous years.
2016 Census Profile - These 2016 Census products provide statistical information about the population, age and sex, type of dwelling, families, households and marital status, language, income, immigration and ethnocultural diversity, housing, Aboriginal peoples, education, labour, journey to work, language of work and mobility and migration, as measured in the census program.
2016 Census Data Tables: These tables present a portrait of Canada based on the various census topics (Age and sex, Education, Income, etc.). They range in complexity and are available for various levels of geography.
Census Datasets (1991-2016): Census data and tables from 1991 to 2016.
For more information visit the Statistics Canada Census Program site.
Additional Census Information
Canadian Census Analyser from CHASS: enhanced access to Canadian Census data maintained by the CHASS Facility at the University of Toronto. Can be accessed by users from Canadian universities that are members of Data Liberation Initiative consortium. Bilingual interface for data extraction. How to use the Canadian Census Analyser.
Archived Census websites:
2011 National Household Survey (NHS)
In 2011 Statistics Canada replaced the mandatory long-form census with the voluntary National Household Survey (NHS). Please see StatCan's notes on NHS data quality and comparability of the NHS to the previous Census before using NHS data.
NHS data tables: provide data for various levels of geography on topics including Aboriginal People, Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity, Education and Labor, Mobility and Migration, Income and Housing.
NHS profile: this profile presents information from the 2011 National Household Survey for various levels of geography, including provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas, communities and census tracts.
2011 Aboriginal Population Profile: provides data about Aboriginal children, youth and adults (Métis, Inuit and off-reserve North American Indian) living in urban, rural and northern locations across Canada.