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The Chicago Manual of Style

Chicago-Style Citation Quick Guide made available by the University of Chicago Press, is an abbreviated, online citation guide based on the much more detailed, hard copy edition, The Chicago Manual of Style (Call # Z 253 U69 2017 Ref).

The Chicago Manual of Style is most commonly used in Humanities and Social Sciences, and is the preferred style for research papers at the McEwen School of Architecture. The most recent version of Chicago is the 17th Edition which is available at the McEwen School of Architecture Library, or you may consult Purdue University’s well-respected and up-to-date online guide.

N.B. Chicago uses two different forms: the Author-Date system and the Notes and Bibliography system. The latter is the most commonly used in humanities. Turabian Style is based on the two Chicago forms, but it does not constitute Chicago. Make sure you use the proper style and form as requested by your professor.

In the following quick reference guide, we will be using Chicago Notes and Bibliography. For the first notation, include all of the source information: author, title, and publishing data. When citing a source a second time, include the author’s last name, the abbreviated title, and the pages. If a source is cited more than two times successively, use “Ibid.” followed by the page numbers (if differing). Notes are formatted as footnotes or endnotes beginning with “1.”

N.B. Chicago style uses hanging indents in its bibliography (which is not replicated here).

BOOK Lastname, Firstname. Book Title. Location of publication: publisher, year.

Obama, Barack. The Audacity of Hope: Thoughts on Reclaiming the American Dream. New York: Vintage Books, 2006.


Lastname, Firstname. Book Title. Translated by Firstname Lastname. Location of publication: publisher, year.

De Saint-Exupéry, Antoine. The Little Prince. Translated by Katherine Woods. San Diego: Harcourt, Brace, & World, 1971.


Lastname, Firstname. “Chapter Title.” In Book Title, edited by Firstname Lastname, pages. Location of publication: publisher, year.

Barman, Jean. “Taming Aboriginal sexuality: Gender, Power, and Race in British Columbia, 1850-1900.” In In the Days of our Grandmothers: A Reader in Aboriginal Women’s History in Canada. Edited by Mary-Ellen Kelm and Lorna Townsend, 270-300. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.


Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Journal Title, Volume, no.# (year): pages. Accessed Month day, year (if applicable). URL or doi.

Buchanan, Brett. “The Time of the Animal.” PhaenEx: Journal of Existential and Phenomenological Theory and Culture, 2 no.2 (2007): 61-80. Accessed >November 7, 2012.  


Lastname, Firstname. “Article Title.” Newspaper (place of publication), Month day, year. URL (if applicable).

Smith, Teresa. “Drought-Stricken Almonte Farmer Receives Much-Needed Hay from Saskatchewan.” Ottawa Citizen (Ottawa), October 31, 2012.


Name of presenter. “Presentation Title if available.” Presented to Name of conference and organization, place, date. URL.

Brown, Brené. “The Power of Vulnerability.” Presented to Ted Talks, Houston, June 2010. 


Author, screen name, or editor. “Title of page.” Website name, date last modified (if available). Date accessed (if not modified). URL.

Historica Dominion Institute. Richard Pierpoint. Historica Dominion Institute. Accessed November 8, 2012.  


Generally, blogs are listed in the notes and not the bibliography. However, if it is a blog of significance you may add it to your bibliography. If the title includes the word “blog” there is no need to repeat it within parentheses.

In the notes:
Author or screen name, “Title of Article,” Title of Blog (blog), creation date, URL.
Geist, Michael, “Canadian Copyright Reform in Force: Expanded User Rights Now the Law,” Michael Geist (blog), November 7, 2012, 

Citing Images

The Colgate Visual Resources Library is an excellent guide for citing images. 

(recommended by LU Library staff and freely available through the Web)          

Description: “…a free and open-source reference management software to manage bibliographic data and related research materials” (Wikipedia).           

Link to Zotero User Guide

Academic Integrity for Students at Laurentian University

While working on your research papers and various written assignments, please be mindful to cite your sources and protect yourself against plagiarism. Please consult the Academic Integrity for Students at Laurentian University policies.