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Laurentian University and its faculty, staff and students are both creators and consumers of intellectual property. We are legally (and morally) obligated to respect the intellectual property right of others, just as we expect others to respect our intellectual property rights. These rights are protected under the Canadian Copyright Act. You are required to comply with copyright law and the Laurentian University copyright requirements. These pages provide some basic guidance on what you can and cannot do with copyrighted works.


Please note that this research guide is intended to provide general information only and is not to be construed as legal advice on copyright.

2016 Access Copyright License: Now Higher Copying Limits!

Laurentian University has a new license with Access Copyright (2016-2020), now in force, that allows more copying from works than permitted either under the previous license or under fair dealing. 

The basic privileges conferred, somewhat paraphrased, are that:

  1. You can make copies of up to twenty percent (20%) of a work (e.g., a book, whether monographic or a collection of shorter works)


  2. Provided that it is no more than twenty-five percent (25%) of the work in which it is found, you can make copies of
    1. an entire page or article from a magazine, journal or newspaper
    2. an entire short story, play, poem, essay or article from a work that contains other published works
    3. an entire entry or article from a reference work
    4. an entire reproduction of an artistic work (including any drawing, painting, print, photograph or other reproduction of a work of sculpture, architectural work or work of artistic craftsmanship) from a work that contains other published works
    5. an entire chapter from a book

These limits also apply for online course collections (e.g., on D2L) and for paper course packs.

Not all works are in the “repertoire” of Access Copyright, and so subject to the above copying privileges, but the Access Copyright repertoire is large and encompasses the repertoires of most major publishers.  When in doubt, it is possible to check in Access Copyright’s Title Search and Permissions Tool to learn whether a work is in the Access Copyright repertoire.

Uses of works that are not in the Access Copyright repertoire are governed by the Copyright Act or by other licenses, rather than by the Access Copyright license.  For works that are in the Access Copyright repertoire, anything that can be legally done with respect to any work under the Copyright Act, can still be done under the terms of the Access Copyright license. 

The above text is meant only as simplified guidance; faculty, staff and students of Laurentian University are encouraged to read the actual text of the license terms, including definitions, of particular practical relevance, which may affect the copying that you wish to carry out.