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What Are Statistics?

Statistics, or aggregate data, are figures that are collected and reported as a sum or total. Statistics summarize raw data.

The table below shows raw data (left) collected from individual persons, and the aggregated data (right) which summarizes the findings.


Canadian Statistics

CANSIM Homepage: CANSIM (Canadian Socio-Economic Information Management System) data are now available free of charge under the Statistics Canada Open Licence Agreement. Updated daily. How to use CANSIM.

CANSIM Multidimensional: contains over 900,000 time series covering a wide variety of enhanced access to CANSIM data. The University of Toronto's CHASS provides access to CANSIM data which is updated daily. CANSIM Multidimensional help.

Statistics Canada surveys and statistical programs: a list of Statistics Canada surveys by topic. The page for each survey provides links to the relevant CANSIM tables and to the survey documentation. For information on the Canadian Census of Population, see the Census tab in this subject guide. (Canada) and Ontario open data: the governments of Canada and Ontario have data portals which provide statistical tables and data sets from numbers government departments and agencies.

International Statistics

Eurostat: the Statistical Office of the European Communities. The website is updated daily and provides direct access to the latest and most complete statistical information available on the European Union, the EU Member States, the Euro Zone and other countries. Eurostat: Publications and Databases Guide

OECD iLibrary Statistics: provides a single online platform where users can discover and access statistical databases from the OECD. You will be able to build tables and extract data from across databases as well as work within individual databases. Includes data and metadata for OECD countries and selected non-member economies. Help Guide.

UNdata: a portal to United Nations databases. Currently, there are 24 databases and 6 glossaries containing approximately 60 million data points and covering a whole range of statistics including Population, Industry, Energy, Trade and National Accounts. Useful features like Country Profiles, Advanced Search and Glossaries are also provided to aid research.